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A — Fitness A-Z

Fitness terms beginning with 'A'

Our A to Z of fitness terms should ensure you are well versed in all the jargon and other technical terms associated with fitness. Here’s all the fitness terms we have identified beginning with ‘A’…

Abdominals, (abs), body part.
General term given to the stomach muscles.

Abduction, other technical term.
Movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. The midline is an imaginary line effectively cutting the body in half vertically.

Achilles tendon, (Achilles), body part.
Attaches the calf muscles to the heel.

Adduction, other technical term.
Movement of a limb towards the midline of the body. The midline is an imaginary line effectively cutting the body in half vertically.

Aerobic, other technical term.
Specifically means ‘with oxygen’ and refers to exercise that requires you to take in and utilize oxygn. This applies to the majority of cardiovascular (using the heart and lungs) exercise. Examples include walking, jogging, rowing and swimming.

Aerobics class, (class), activity.
Group aerobic exercises carried out in a sports hall or studio, often in time to music and led by an instructor.

Aerobic threshold, (AeT), other technical term.
The point during exercise where lactic acid starts to build up in the bloodstream.

Anaerobic, other technical term.
Specifically means ‘without oxygen’ and refers to exercise that takes place without utilizing oxygen. Anaerobic exercise is very intense and limited to very short efforts such as a very short sprint.

Anaerobic threshold, (AT), other technical term.
The point during exercise where lactic acid builds up in the bloodstream faster than it can be flushed out.

Aquacise, (none), activity.
A low-intensity form of group aerobic exercise carried out in a swimming pool, comprising all-over body movements similar to an aerobics class.

Assessment, (none), activity.
Some form of personal health and fitness evaluation, which could consist of a questionnaire; a strength, aerobic or flexibility test; a blood pressure reading; a resting heart rate measurement; or another kind of medical test. Usually carried out as part of an induction at a gym.

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