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B — Fitness A-Z

Fitness terms beginning with 'B'

Our A to Z of fitness terms should ensure you are well versed in all the jargon and other technical terms associated with fitness. Here’s all the fitness terms we have identified beginning with ‘B'…

Ballistic stretching, technique.
A bouncing, dynamic and jerky movement, which is generally not considered to be useful and can lead to injury.

Barbell, (BB), equipment.
A steel bar, typically six or seven feet long, onto which steel disks are fixed to either end. A primary piece of equipment for resistance training.

Basal metabolic rate, (BMR), other technical term.
The rate at which the body burns calories when at rest.

Bench, equipment.
A narrow, padded platform – usually with an adjustable backrest – used to perform a variety of resistance training exercises.

Biceps, body part.
General term given to the muscles at the front of the upper arms.

Bleep test, activity.
See Multi-stage fitness test.

Blood pressure, (BP), other technical term.
The pressure exerted by the heart on the walls of the blood vessels. It is expressed as a ratio — for example 120/80. The first number (120) is the ‘systolic pressure’, or the heart’s pressure when it pushes blood out into the arteries, and the second number (80) is the ‘diastolic pressure’, or the heart’s pressure when it’s at rest.

Blood vessels, body part.
The tubes that carry blood to and from all parts of the body. The three main types of blood vessels are arteries, veins and capillaries.

Body fat analyser, equipment.
A machine that determines the percentages of body fat, lean tissue and water in the body by sending a small current through the feet and often also the hands.

Boot camp, activity.
A high-intensity group-based circuit-training session, which is performed outdoors in parks or green areas whatever the time of year or weather conditions. Usually run in a similar way to a military physical training session.

Breathing, other technical term.
Taking in oxygen by inhaling air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhaling air. It’s important to maintain relaxed breathing during resistance training exercises to prevent an increase in blood pressure.

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