C — Fitness A-Z

Fitness terms beginning with 'C'

Our A to Z of fitness terms should ensure you are well versed in all the jargon and other technical terms associated with fitness. Here’s all the fitness terms we have identified beginning with ‘C’…

Calf, body part.
General term given to the muscle at the back of the lower leg.

Carbohydrate loading, (carbo-loading), other technical term.
The process of eating large quantities of carbohydrate — such as bread, pasta, rice or potatoes — to increase carbohydrate reserves in the muscles. Endurance athletes such as marathon runners will carbo-load prior to an event in order to maximize their fuel stores.

Cardiovascular system, (CV), body part.
The body’s unified system of heart and blood vessels. The CV system delivers nutrients (oxygen and energy) to and removes waste products from the tissues, and also helps to regulate body temperature by routing blood flow to and from the skin.

Circuit training, (ccts), activity.
A high-intensity group-based exercise session, combining resistance training exercises with cardiovascular training.

Concentric contraction, other technical term.
The shortening of a muscle when it is under tension, for example when lifting a dumbbell under control during a bicep curl.

Cool-down, activity.
The time at the end of a workout where the body is returned to near resting levels. A cool-down session should include light, active, aerobic movements, followed by stretching exercises.

Core, body part.
The deep postural muscles that are responsible for maintaining good posture.

Core ball, equipment.
See Stability ball.

Cramp, other technical term.
A very unpleasant sensation caused by a muscle involuntarily contracting. Often caused by cold temperature, dehydration, fatigue or overexertion, it can also come on unexpectedly when at rest. Alleviated by gently stretching the affected muscle until the cramp subsides.

Cross-trainer, equipment.
A cardiovascular machine used in the gym that lessens the impact on the joints due to its rhythmical motion – which is a cross between cycling and running.

Cross-training, activity.
Mixing different activities into your regular workout so as to avoid injuries caused by overuse and to prevent boredom. Cycling, running and swimming are three common activities used to cross-train the different muscle groups, but cross-training can alternatively involve a combination of cardiovascular and resistance-training exercises.

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