Dive groups and dive positions
The categories and positions of diving explained
Once you've decided that diving is the sport for you, it's important you learn the dives and techniques that are required. Here's the realbuzz.com guide to the dive categories and positions needed for successful diving.
There are five categories of dives according to the type of take-off and flight. In platform diving, an additional category — the armstand dive — is added:
- Forward dive: the diver faces forwards and rotates forwards away from the board.
- Backward dive: the diver faces backwards and rotates backwards away from the board.
- Reverse dive: the diver faces forwards and rotates backwards towards the board.
- Inward dive: the diver faces backwards and rotates forwards towards the board.
- Twisting dive: any dive with a twist is included in this group, whether forward, backward, reverse or inward.
- Armstand dive: the diver begins the dive from a motionless handstand on the edge of the platform These are performed only from solid platforms.
The basics positions the diver will take up in a dive are as follows:
- Straight dive: the diver’s body remains straight.
- Pike dive: the diver bends his/her body forward at the waist. The legs are straight and the toes are pointed.
- Tuck dive: the diver bends his/her knees, bringing or ‘tucking’ the knees and thighs closer to the chest and heels toward the buttocks.
- Free dive: a combination of straight, pike or tuck, used only in twisting dives.