G – Running A-Z

Running terms beginning with 'G'

A selection of key running terms to ensure that running terminology doesn’t leave you confused. Refer to the key running terms below and find out their meaning so that you’ll be a running expert in no time...

Gait analysis, activity.
A service offered by some training shoe retailers for assessing your running or walking style using a treadmill, video playback and a foot sensitive pressure plate. From the information obtained, the most suitable type of training shoe and/or corrective insoles can be prescribed.

Gastrocnemius, (Gastroc), body part.
A muscle at the back of the lower leg that forms the greater part of the calf.

Global positioning system, (GPS), equipment.
A satellite tracking device that can track and pinpoint your position with extreme accuracy. Recently combined into watches and used to calculate speed and current pace for runners. Can be unreliable in wooded areas due to canopy cover and if training around high buildings, where the signal may be lost.

Gloves, equipment.
Thin, lightweight gloves are essential for winter running. In addition to general chilling in cold temperatures, extremities such as the fingers can often suffer from further chilling because of a reduced blood supply due to the demand for blood by the major working muscles in the legs.

Glucose, other technical term.
A simple sugar which is the form in which all carbohydrates are used as the body's principal energy source. It is transported in the blood and utilised by the tissues.

Gluteus maximus, (glutes), body part.
The most powerful muscle in the human body, the gluteus maximus muscles are located in the buttocks. They are responsible (together with the hamstrings) for extending the leg behind the body.

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