H – Running A-Z
Running terms beginning with 'H'
A selection of key running terms to ensure that running terminology doesn’t leave you confused. Refer to the key running terms below and find out their meaning so that you’ll be a running expert in no time...
Haemoglobin, body part.
A pigment in the red blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen around the body. Haemoglobin picks up the oxygen in the lungs and then releases it into the muscles and other tissues where it is needed. Haemoglobin also contains iron, which is critical for it to work properly.
Half marathon, activity.
Race distance of 13.1 miles (21.1 km).
Hamstring, body part.
General name given to the group of muscles at the back of the thigh.
Heart rate, (HR), other technical term.
The number of times the heart contracts (or beats) in one minute. The average adult value is 72 beats per minute when at rest. Aerobic exercise such as running can train and improve the heart (and the associated cardiovascular system), resulting in a lower HR.
Heart rate monitor, (HRM), equipment.
A device that allows the user to monitor their heart rate while exercising. It consists of two elements: a chest strap and a wrist receiver (which usually doubles as a watch). More advanced models can also assess other aspects of a user’s fitness.
Heel counter, equipment.
The part of the shoe that supports the heel. A firm heel counter will help to counteract excessive pronation.
Hill running, activity.
See Fell running.
Hill training, technique.
A training technique to build strength in the legs and improve the cardiovascular system due to the greater demand placed on the runner in lifting their body up a gradient. An example hill training session would be running up a hill repeatedly, with each repetition separated by jogging back down for a recovery.
Hydration, other technical term.
One of the side affects of running is sweating, which reduces the amount of fluid in the body and the overall blood volume. Excessive sweating will result in dehydration and, in turn, reduced performance. So, keeping fully hydrated – by ensuring that your fluid levels are continually topped up before, during and after your training – is important.