Jazz dance for fitness

Getting fit through jazz dancing

Jazz dancing is an original and inventive activity, which has become an increasingly popular form of expression in recent years. Offering a fun and funky workout for the body, jazz dancing is a great way of boosting your health and fitness in an entertaining manner. Here’s our guide on how it could help you achieve your own healthy and active living goals.

An introduction to jazz dancing 

Jazz dance offers an improvised and energetic style of exercise that allows participants to physically express themselves through a range of routines. Jazz dancing emerged in the early Twentieth Century, in southern US cities like New Orleans and St. Louis, and has since become a global phenomenon.

With flowing movements similar to ballet, jazz dancers combine sharp turns, large leaps and quick footwork in a show of flexibility and grace. Performers interpret accompanying brass music to produce steps and twists in their own unique way. Jazz dance routines build upon ‘center control’, where all moves stem from the body’s center to retain its balance during difficult maneuvers.

Key fitness benefits of jazz dancing

Jazz dancing has many key health and fitness benefits, in addition to those already associated with dance exercise. Benefits of jazz dance include the following:

  • Jazz dance builds muscle strength - With its high leaps and nimble steps set to frenetic musical arrangements, jazz dancing is great for developing muscle strength – especially in the lower body. Explosive power is required for jumps and twists, and as a result the performer’s calf muscles and quads soon build up.
  • Jazz dance develops poise and grace - If you clumsily stomp your way through day-to-day life, jazz dancing could well be the activity to help you move faster on your feet. Developing poise and grace with its light-footed moves and lightning fast steps, you’ll be tip toeing towards better balance in no time.
  • Jazz dance raises concentration levels - If you drift into daydreams at the drop of a hat, looking out the window at work and thinking of tropical beaches, jazz dancing could help you overcome these flights of fancy by bolstering your concentration. Requiring large degrees of self-discipline and memory power, jazz routines may combine a number of complex steps and turns.
  • Jazz dance promotes better flexibility in the arms and hands - Unlike many dance styles, jazz dancing requires good flexibility in the arms and hands, with a range of expressions – including the infamous ‘jazz hands’ pose – stemming from free movements. This flexibility will soon come to you with regular jazz dancing practice.

Key styles of jazz dancing

Though jazz dancing may contain aspects of ballet, hip-hop and Latin American dance, it is mainly formed from a trio of key elements including:

  • Improvisation - Jazz dance is different from many traditional dances in the sense that it promotes freedom of expression and individuality. Although anchored by certain basic steps, jazz dancers are free to improvise in their routines and express their emotions in time with accompanying music. This is certainly a dance style for the creative thinker.


  • Musical connection - With its roots in improvisation, jazz dance requires a musical connection between the performer and accompanying music before it really flourishes. Without this bond, the dancer may struggle to physically express themselves in tune with the music. The choice of jazz dance music is therefore essential to get the dancer moving in a stylish manner.
  • Ad libbing and syncopation - Jazz dancing requires an urgency and excitement that is lacking from other dance styles. It demands sudden changes of pace and movement from the performer and therefore requires both concentration and light-footed flexibility.
  • Toe rises and straddle split leaps - These are popular moves that many beginner jazz dancers work towards achieving. The ‘toe rise’ sees the dancer rise to a standing position – after kneeling down – using only the tops of their toes to support them. Needless to say, this requires rather a lot of practice! In contrast, a ‘straddle leap’ sees the dancer take a short run up before jumping high into the air and splitting their legs as wide apart as possible before landing safely.

What to expect from your first jazz dancing class

Jazz dance classes may cover a range of energetic routines set to different genres of music. With the soundtrack potentially covering everything from jumping jazz hits through to hip-hop and R ‘n’ B, you’ll certainly enjoy a number of diverse workouts. Lessons generally start with a holistic body warm-up before beginners learn the basic steps and turns in a friendly and supportive environment. Just be ready to enjoy an active session, which may see you jumping and shuffling faster than you could ever have imagined. Creativity is also encouraged so be prepared to improvise!  

Key jazz dancing tips and more information

Although jazz dance has similarities with the world of ballet, don’t let that put you off. Even if your only other dancing experience was twenty years ago, boogying on down at the village hall disco, jazz dance is a fun and accessible style of exercise. so don’t be deterred after seeing some of its more complicated maneuvers.

Before sprinting out and buying a pair of jazz dance shoes, get professional advice from your teacher. Some instructors have different preferences, so be wary of rushing your decision.

Sources of further jazz dancing information include:

  • Broadway Dance Centre: Jazz for the Beginner to Advanced Beginner (DVD)
  • The Jazz Dance Workout  (DVD)
  • Frank Hatchett’s Jazz Dance (book)

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