The aims and techniques of judo

A simple guide to the sport of judo

Watching a judo contest can be a confusing affair for the newcomer who has never witnessed the sport before. As a result, here's our guide to give you an understanding of the main aims and techniques involved in judo.

The aims of judo matches ...

The aims and techniques of judo matches

Judo opponents are trying to end a bout as quickly as possible by achieving one of three things:

1. A throw — to throw the opponent so that they land hard on their back.

2. Hold or pin — to keep the opponent on their back for 25 seconds.

3. Submission — to strangle or hold the opponent in an armlock so that they submit.

If any one of these three is completed successfully, an ‘Ippon’ is called, and this ends the judo match, much like a knockout in boxing.

Techniques in judo ...

Judo throws
There are many techniques for throwing, using the legs, arms, and torso or a combination of all. Opponents can also sweep each other’s feet from under them.

  • Pins
    These are done from a face-down or side-down position on the opponent who is controlled by the head and an arm or leg so that their back or a shoulder is in contact with the mat.
  • Submissions
    Pressure can be applied to the arm (an armlock) or to the sides of an opponent’s neck (a strangle) to force them to submit. An opponent submits by tapping on the mat before any damage is done! The referees are alert to potential injuries and can stop the contest and declare a winner if they think a serious injury is about to occur.

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