Trampoline gymnastics

An overview of competitive trampoline gymnastics

Trampoline gymnastics is a breathtaking sport with most modern trampolinists able to reach heights nearing 10m (almost 33ft), even going so far as to touch the ceilings of some arenas! As well as being a sport in its own right, trampolining is widely recognized as a training tool for many other gymnastic disciplines and sports such as diving.

  • Trampolining gymnastics is a relatively new addition to the Olympic schedule debuting in 2000 at the Sydney Games.
Trampoline gymnastics
  • Seven judges score the competition two who evaluate the level of difficulty of the routine, and five who give marks for execution, with scores ranging from 0 to 10.
  • Competitors perform two routines: a compulsory routine with 10 elements and an optional routine with no limits that demonstrates 10 different skills.
  • The trampoline consists of a nylon cloth strung with 120 pins. It is surrounded by a thick mat at each end to cushion the impact if anyone makes a misjudgement!
  • The target area on the trampoline which the gymnast must aim to stay within is 2m x 1m (6.56ft x 3.28ft).

Trampolining has a language of its own and many of the moves are named after the person who invented them.

Some of the common trampolining moves include:

  • Adolph a front somersault with three-and-a-half twists.
  • Baranis a forward somersault with a half twist.
  • Dolphin a move starting on the back, with a front somersault and landing on the back.
  • Liffis a double somersault with a twist.
  • Triffis any triple somersault combined with a component of twist. 
  • Randolphs a forward somersault with two-and-a-half twists.
  • Rudolphs a forward somersault with one-and-a-half twists.

Only individual events have appeared at the Olympics although there are other types of trampoling, including synchronized trampolining, tumbling, and double mini-trampolining.

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