An overview of competitive trampoline gymnastics
Trampoline gymnastics is a breathtaking sport with most modern trampolinists able to reach heights nearing 10m (almost 33ft), even going so far as to touch the ceilings of some arenas! As well as being a sport in its own right, trampolining is widely recognized as a training tool for many other gymnastic disciplines and sports such as diving.
- Trampolining gymnastics is a relatively new addition to the Olympic schedule debuting in 2000 at the Sydney Games.
- Seven judges score the competition — two who evaluate the level of difficulty of the routine, and five who give marks for execution, with scores ranging from 0 to 10.
- Competitors perform two routines: a compulsory routine with 10 elements and an optional routine with no limits that demonstrates 10 different skills.
- The trampoline consists of a nylon cloth strung with 120 pins. It is surrounded by a thick mat at each end to cushion the impact if anyone makes a misjudgement!
- The target area on the trampoline which the gymnast must aim to stay within is 2m x 1m (6.56ft x 3.28ft).
Trampolining has a language of its own and many of the moves are named after the person who invented them.
Some of the common trampolining moves include:
- Adolph — a front somersault with three-and-a-half twists.
- Baranis — a forward somersault with a half twist.
- Dolphin — a move starting on the back, with a front somersault and landing on the back.
- Liffis — a double somersault with a twist.
- Triffis — any triple somersault combined with a component of twist.
- Randolphs — a forward somersault with two-and-a-half twists.
- Rudolphs — a forward somersault with one-and-a-half twists.
Only individual events have appeared at the Olympics although there are other types of trampoling, including synchronized trampolining, tumbling, and double mini-trampolining.