Rhythmic Gymnastics

If you’re getting to grips with rhythmic gymnastics then this overview will provide you with some of the basics of the sport.

An image of Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics is strictly a female-only domain and consists of five disciplines performed with musical accompaniment. These are: Rope, Hoop, Ball, Clubs, and Ribbon. Rhythmic gymnastic workout is a great way of getting your body fit and healthy.

In rhythmic gymnastic competition, the organisers decide which four of the five disciplines, that the gymnast should perform (each over 1 minute 30 seconds) on the square floor.

There are three juries for scoring: the first gives marks for technique; the second for artistic impression, and the third for execution. The three marks are tallied to give a score out of 30.

The five rhythmic disciplines explained

Rope — a range of jumps are performed with the rope, which is proportionate to the size of the gymnast.

Hoop — movements with the hoop include throws, rotations and pass throughs. The hoop is 80 to 90cm (31.5 to 35.45in) in diameter.

Ball — throws, catches, bouncing, and rolling the ball on the floor and along parts of the body are all key movements. The ball should have a diameter of 18 to 20cm (7 to 7.9in) and weigh 400g (14.1oz) minimum.

Clubs — throws, spin and juggles of the clubs are common tricks. Clubs should be 40 to 50cm (15.75 to 19.69) in length with a weight of 150g (5.29oz) each.

Ribbon — the ribbon (6m or 19.7ft in length) must remain in constant motion during the routine.

Group competition

In the group competition, five gymnasts work together as a unit. The group is judged on both their own apparatus skills and their ability to work in a synchronized or harmonious manner.

Each group must compete with two different routines. One of the routines is performed with the same prop, while the other is choreographed with a mix of two pieces of equipment.