Rhythmic gymnastics is strictly a female-only domain and consists of five disciplines performed with musical accompaniment. These are: Rope, Hoop, Ball, Clubs, and Ribbon. Rhythmic gymnastic workout is a great way of getting your body fit and healthy.
In rhythmic gymnastic competition, the organisers decide which four of the five disciplines, that the gymnast should perform (each over 1 minute 30 seconds) on the square floor.
There are three juries for scoring: the first gives marks for technique; the second for artistic impression, and the third for execution. The three marks are tallied to give a score out of 30.
The five rhythmic disciplines explained
Rope — a range of jumps are performed with the rope, which is proportionate to the size of the gymnast.
Hoop — movements with the hoop include throws, rotations and pass throughs. The hoop is 80 to 90cm (31.5 to 35.45in) in diameter.
Ball — throws, catches, bouncing, and rolling the ball on the floor and along parts of the body are all key movements. The ball should have a diameter of 18 to 20cm (7 to 7.9in) and weigh 400g (14.1oz) minimum.
Clubs — throws, spin and juggles of the clubs are common tricks. Clubs should be 40 to 50cm (15.75 to 19.69) in length with a weight of 150g (5.29oz) each.
Ribbon — the ribbon (6m or 19.7ft in length) must remain in constant motion during the routine.
In the group competition, five gymnasts work together as a unit. The group is judged on both their own apparatus skills and their ability to work in a synchronized or harmonious manner.
Each group must compete with two different routines. One of the routines is performed with the same prop, while the other is choreographed with a mix of two pieces of equipment.